# Two worksheets | Psychology homework help

University of Phoenix Material

Reliability and Validity Matrix

For each of the tests of reliability and validity listed on the matrix, prepare a 50- to 100-word description of the test’s application. Describe what conditions these reliability types would be used for as well as when they would be inappropriate. Then, for each test, prepare a 50- to 100-word description of the strengths and a 50- to 100-word description of the weaknesses.

 Test of reliability Application and appropriateness Advantages Disadvantages Internal consistency Split-half Test or retest Parallel and alternate forms Test of validity Application and appropriateness Strengths Weaknesses Face validity Content validity Criterion related Construct

AND

Time to Practice – Week Two

Complete Parts A, B, and C below.

## Part A

Some questions in Part A require that you access data from Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics. This data is available on the student website under the Student Text Resources link.

1. Why is a z score a standard score? Why can standard scores be used to compare scores from different distributions?

1. For the following set of scores, fill in the cells. The mean is 70 and the standard deviation is 8.

 Raw score Z score 68.0 ? ? –1.6 82.0 ? ? 1.8 69.0 ? ? –0.5 85.0 ? ? 1.7 72.0 ?

1. Questions 3a through 3d are based on a distribution of scores with and the standard deviation = 6.38. Draw a small picture to help you see what is required.

1. What is the probability of a score falling between a raw score of 70 and 80?

2. What is the probability of a score falling above a raw score of 80?

3. What is the probability of a score falling between a raw score of 81 and 83?

4. What is the probability of a score falling below a raw score of 63?

1. Jake needs to score in the top 10% in order to earn a physical fitness certificate. The class mean is 78 and the standard deviation is 5.5. What raw score does he need?

1. Who is the better student, relative to his or her classmates? Use the following table for information.

 Math Class mean 81 Class standard deviation 2 Reading Class mean 87 Class standard deviation 10 Raw scores Math score Reading score Average Noah 85 88 86.5 Talya 87 81 84 Z-scores Math score Reading score Average Noah Talya

## Ann wants to describe the demographic characteristics of a sample of 25 individuals who completed a large-scale survey. She has demographic data on the participants’ gender (two categories), educational level (four categories), marital status (three categories), and community population size (eight categories).

1. Using IBM® SPSS® software, conduct a frequency analysis on the gender and marital status variables. From the output, identify the following:

1. Percent of men

2. Mode for marital status

3. Frequency of divorced people in the sample

1. Using IBM® SPSS® software, create a frequency table to summarize the data on the educational level variable.

The data for Exercise 8 is available in the data file named Lesson 21 Exercise File 1.

1. David collects anxiety scores from 15 college students who visit the university health center during finals week. Compute descriptive statistics on the anxiety scores. From the output, identify the following:

1. Skewness

2. Mean

3. Standard deviation

4. Kurtosis

## Part C

Complete the questions below. Be specific and provide examples when relevant.

Cite any sources consistent with APA guidelines.

 Question Answer What is the relationship between reliability and validity? How can a test be reliable but not valid? Can a test be valid but not reliable? Why or why not? How does understanding probability help you understand statistics? How could you use standard scores and the standard distribution to compare the reading scores of two students receiving special reading resource help and one student in a standard classroom who does not get special help? In a standard normal distribution: What does a z score of 1 represent? What percent of cases fall between the mean and one standard deviation above the mean? What percent fall between the mean and –1 to +1 standard deviations from the mean? What percent of scores will fall between –3 and +3 standard deviations under the normal curve?

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