Question 1 (1 point)   which of the following is not an empirical

Question 1 (1 point)

 Question 1 Unsaved

Which of the following is NOT an empirical question?

Question 1 options:

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Are women more talkative than men?

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Is dieting an effective weight loss strategy?

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Should we prohibit cell phone use while driving?

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Does cognitive psychotherapy help depressed people?

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Question 2 (1 point)

 Question 2 Unsaved

The tendency to notice evidence that is consistent with our beliefs and ignore evidence that is inconsistent with
our beliefs is called _____.

Question 2 options:

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wishful thinking

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confirmation bias

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skepticism

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common sense

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Question 3 (1 point)

 Question 3 Unsaved

Two important attitudes of scientists are skepticism and _____.

Question 3 options:

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emotional neutrality

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mathematical ability

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tolerance of uncertainty

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religious agnosticism

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Question 4 (1 point)

 Question 4 Unsaved

What is an empirically supported treatment?

Question 4 options:

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a psychological treatment that has been shown to work by scientific research

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a psychological treatment that has not yet been tested

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a psychological treatment that should work in theory but that does not work in practice

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a psychological treatment that can, in principle, be tested

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Question 5 (1 point)

 Question 5 Unsaved

Researcher A says that people who got allowances as children are more financially responsible as adults
because they had more opportunity to learn how to handle money. Researcher B says that people who got
allowances as children are more financially responsible adults because they are responsible people in general …
which is why their parents gave the allowances in the first place. Which of the following best describes this state of
affairs?

Question 5 options:

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The researchers share the same hypothesis but are proposing different phenomena.

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The researchers agree on the phenomenon but disagree about the theory.

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The researchers have the same theory but different hypotheses.

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The researchers are taking different perspectives on the same theory.

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Question 6 (1 point)

 Question 6 Unsaved

Which of the following is an advantage of narrow theories over broad theories?

Question 6 options:

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They are simpler.

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They explain more phenomena.

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They are less technical.

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They make more precise predictions.

Question 7 (1 point)

 Question 7 Unsaved

A theory that explains a behavior primarily in terms of why it happens is which of the following?

Question 7 options:

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a mechanistic theory

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a typology

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a functional theory

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a hypothesis

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Question 8 (1 point)

 Question 8 Unsaved

In general, what do researchers conclude when their hypotheses are confirmed?

Question 8 options:

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It is time to switch to a new research topic.

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They have proven their theory.

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Their theory now has more support.

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Nothing because a hypothesis cannot ever be confirmed.

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Question 9 (1 point)

 Question 9 Unsaved

The variable sex (male vs. female) is measured at the nominal level.

Question 9 options:

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True

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False

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Question 10 (1 point)

 Question 10 Unsaved

Intelligence is measured at the ratio level.

Question 10 options:

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True

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False

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Question 11 (1 point)

 Question 11 Unsaved

Imagine that a research methods instructor accidentally includes concepts on an exam that he did not
actually cover in the course. This is a problem with which of the following?

Question 11 options:

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the exam’s face validity

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the exam’s discriminant validity

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the exam’s criterion validity

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the exam’s content validity

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Question 12 (1 point)

 Question 12 Unsaved

Random selection and random assignment are the same thing.

Question 12 options:

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True

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False

 

Question 13 (1 point)

 Question 13 Unsaved

When will researchers typically abandon a theory?

Question 13 options:

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when it is criticized by other researchers

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as soon as a hypothesis based on the theory is disconfirmed

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after several hypotheses based on the theory are disconfirmed

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r approximately 10 to 15 years

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Question 14 (1 point)

 Question 14 Unsaved

Which of the following is the most common type of sample in psychological research?

Question 14 options:

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a convenience sample

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random sample

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a haphazard sample

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a stratified sample

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Question 15 (1 point)

 Question 15 Unsaved

There is a statistical relationship between two variables if which of the following is true?

Question 15 options:

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One of the variables has a higher mean than the other.

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The average level of one variable differs across levels of the other.

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The variables are conceptually similar (e.g., intelligence and common sense).

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all of the above

 

Question 16 (1 point)

 Question 16 Unsaved

Which of the following could NOT be the independent variable in an experiment?

Question 16 options:

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sexual abuse

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study strategy

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room temperature

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mood

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Question 17 (1 point)

 Question 17 Unsaved

Which of the following studies most clearly has the directionality problem?

Question 17 options:

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a study on whether or not a person was sexually abused as a child and how paranoid he or she is as an adult

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a study on the relationship between losing a limb and one’s self-esteem

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a study relating college students’ study habits to their final exam performance

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a study on the correlation between how much negative emotion a person has and how many physical
symptoms he or she has

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Question 18 (1 point)

 Question 18 Unsaved

The most common source of research ideas in psychology is which of the following?

Question 18 options:

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previous research

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informal observations

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government regulations

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suggestions from friends

 

Question 19 (1 point)

 Question 19 Unsaved

What typically happens to a manuscript during the peer review process for a professional journal?

Question 19 options:

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The researcher gets comments on the manuscript from his or her friends before submitting it for publication

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The manuscript is posted on the Internet and voted on by a large group of evaluators.

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The journal editor sends the manuscript to three experts for their comments before deciding whether to publish it.

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The manuscript is published and the journal editor then publishes comments from readers.

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Question 20 (1 point)

 Question 20 Unsaved

Which of the following is the best example of a construct?

Question 20 options:

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depression

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number of siblings

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height

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annual income

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Question 21 (1 point)

 Question 21 Unsaved

A low test-retest correlation would probably not be a concern for a measure of which of the following?

Question 21 options:

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mood

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intelligence

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extroversion

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conscientiousness

Question 22 (1 point)

 Question 22 Unsaved

Which of the following is a common measure of internal consistency?

Question 22 options:

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test-retest correlation

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split-half correlation

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Cohen’s d

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Cronbach’s alpha

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Question 23 (1 point)

 Question 23 Unsaved

Which of the following is generally true of measures created for use in scientific research?

Question 23 options:

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They can be used without permission.

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They are described in a published article.

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They should be properly referenced in any published work.

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all of the above

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Question 24 (1 point)

 Question 24 Unsaved

After using any psychological measure, it is always good practice to do which of the following?

Question 24 options:

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write a thank you note to the creator of the measure

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evaluate its reliability and validity based on the new data

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publish the results in the Mental Measurements Yearbook

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discuss participants’ responses with them

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Question 25 (1 point)

 Question 25 Unsaved

What are the two defining features of an experiment?

Question 25 options:

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control of extraneous variables; statistical analysis of the results

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statistical analysis of the results; a comparison of two groups

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a comparison of two groups; manipulation of an independent variable

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manipulation of an independent variable; control of extraneous variables







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